adhd and insomnia

doctors are starting to realize the importance of treating sleep problems and the impact this can have on both adhd symptoms and quality of life for adhd patients and their families. sleep problems in adhd appear to differ depending on the type of adhd. adhd sleep problems may be a side effect of impaired arousal, alertness, and regulation circuits in the brain.

people may judge a person with adhd for sleeping at inappropriate times, without realizing that it is part of their condition and very difficult to avoid. in turn, anxiety and behavioral difficulties have been linked to a higher incidence of sleep problems for children with adhd. experts are cautiously optimistic that sleep interventions may be key to improving not only sleep, but also adhd symptoms and the effects of adhd medication. dr. dimitriu is the founder of menlo park psychiatry and sleep medicine.

many children and adults who have adhd also have a sleep disorder—almost three out of four children and adolescents, and up to four out of five adults with adhd. while adults may seem obviously tired when they are behind on sleep, fatigue in children often looks like exaggerated adhd symptoms: hyperactivity and impulsivity—sometimes even aggressiveness and acting out. researchers have repeatedly found that sleep problems are common among people who have adhd. if your circadian rhythm is off, you may have a hard time falling asleep at a standard bedtime, or your sleep may be regularly disrupted, with lots of wakeups throughout the night. either of those can make it hard for you to wake when your alarm goes off or stay awake and think clearly at work or at school. that is the opposite of the way it is for people who do not have adhd. although these are not troubling behaviors, when they occur every night, they can frustrate both the child and his or her parents, and in turn further mess with sleep habits. caffeine in soda, coffee, and chocolate, as well as stimulant medications, can also get in the way of a good night’s sleep.

yet even nonstimulant adhd medications can affect sleep by making people sleepy after taking them—they may need a nap during the day. many conditions that commonly coexist with adhd, such as anxiety or depression, can have a significant effect on sleep as well. for anyone, too much time on a smartphone, playing video games, or watching television in the evening can mess with the ability to fall asleep and stay asleep. when kids with adhd and sleep-related breathing disorders have their tonsils removed, they often see an improvement in symptoms of both. another common coexisting condition is restless legs syndrome (rls). it is especially noticeable in the evenings and when they are in bed. rls is not common among the general population of children, but many children who have adhd also have rls. it may just be that the symptoms of the two conditions are very similar and it’s hard to tell them apart when a person is sleeping.

insomnia. along with medications and trouble sticking to a schedule, there are other reasons people with adhd are at risk for insomnia. many adults with adhd complain of restless nights and exhausted mornings. there’s no one cause of sleep disturbances. many individuals with adhd struggle with sleep and experience insomnia. this article explores the link between these two conditions., .

many children and adults who have adhd also have a sleep disorder—almost three out of four children and adolescents, and up to four out of five adults with adhd conclusion: insomnia disorder is highly prevalent in adult adhd and is related to higher adhd severity and more psychiatric and medical adhd symptoms are associated with greater prevalence of dsps and insomnia. more symptoms are associated with shorter sleep, especially with, .

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