gastrointestinal illness can spread quickly in closed and semienclosed environments, such as cruise ships, but rates of age illness on passenger cruise ships have significantly decreased over time. the rate of age illness on cruise ships decreased during 2006-2019 for passengers and crew. jenkins ka, vaughan gh jr, rodriguez lo, freeland a. acute gastroenteritis on cruise ships — maritime illness database and reporting system, united states, 2006–2019.
acute gastroenteritis on cruise ships—united states, 2008–2014. cramer eh, blanton c, browne l, vaughan g, bopp c, forney d. epidemiology of gastroenteritis on cruise ships, 2001-2004: the impact of noroviruses.external icon am j prev med. diarrheal disease on cruise ships, 1990–2000: the impact of environmental health programs.external icon am j prev med.
progeria (pro-jeer-e-uh), also known as hutchinson-gilford syndrome, is an extremely rare, progressive genetic disorder that causes children to age rapidly, starting in their first two years of life. heart problems or strokes are the eventual cause of death in most children with progeria. the average life expectancy for a child with progeria is about 13 years. usually within the first year of life, growth of a child with progeria slows markedly, but motor development and intelligence remain normal. a single gene mutation is responsible for progeria. when this gene has a defect (mutation), an abnormal form of the lamin a protein called progerin is produced and makes cells unstable.
unlike many genetic mutations, progeria is rarely passed down in families. the gene mutation is a rare, chance occurrence in the majority of cases. these inherited syndromes cause rapid aging and a shortened life span: there are no known factors, such as lifestyle or environmental issues, which increase the risk of having progeria or of giving birth to a child with progeria. for parents who have had one child with progeria, the chances of having a second child with progeria are about 2 to 3 percent. this is a condition in which the walls of the arteries — blood vessels that carry nutrients and oxygen from the heart to the rest of the body — stiffen and thicken, often restricting blood flow. a single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only.
gastrointestinal illness can spread quickly in closed and semienclosed environments, such as cruise ships, but rates of age illness on passenger cruise common conditions in older age include hearing loss, cataracts and refractive errors, back and neck pain and osteoarthritis, chronic obstructive cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis and dementia are common chronic conditions at age 85. osteoarthritis, diabetes, and related mobility, .
examples of aging-associated diseases are atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease, cancer, arthritis, cataracts, osteoporosis, type 2 diabetes, hypertension progeria (pro-jeer-e-uh), also known as hutchinson-gilford syndrome, is an extremely rare, progressive genetic disorder that causes children to vascular calcification in chronic kidney disease: an update and perspective address: aging and disease editorial office 3400 camp bowie boulevard fort, .
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