breath holding disorder

breath-holding spells or breath-holding spasms are a benign, involuntary phenomenon seen in children between 6 months and 6 years of age. child (who has severe temper tantrums) in one of his tantrums suddenly became blue and became unconscious, he is suffering from a breath-holding spell. the child turns blue (cyanotic) and then the child may again start breathing or may proceed to lose consciousness. breath-holding spells are seen in 5% of children between 6 months to 6 years of age. they are commonly seen in children between 12 and 18 months and usually disappear by 4-5 years of age. in pallid spells, the vagally mediated bradycardia is through to be responsible. seizures unlike breath-holding spells usually do not have a precipitating factor, are associated with post-ictal drowsiness and convulsive activity precedes the change in color.




inter-ictal eeg in breath-holding spasms is normal. they should be reassured that breath-holding spells are not dangerous and do not lead to epilepsy or brain damage. the parents should be encouraged to handle the episode in a relaxed manner. after the attack is over, the parents should not give in to the child’s wishes. the parents should be cautioned against running and picking up the child every time he cries to decrease an undue number of attacks. atropine sulfate may be tried in children with frequent pallid spells. though there are reports of iron therapy in breath-holding spells (as these children usually have iron deficiency anemia), its usefulness is still not completely documented.

a breath holding spell is when a child holds their breath, usually after being angry, frustrated, startled, or in pain. sometimes the breath holding leads to breath-holding spells usually are triggered by physically painful or emotionally upsetting events. typical symptoms include paleness, stoppage of breathing, young children, when faced with an upsetting situation or sudden pain, can hold their breath, causing them to turn bluish or pale, and pass, breath holding spells in adults, breath holding spells in adults, breath-holding spells toddler, breath-holding spells types, breath-holding spells treatment.

a breath-holding spell is a benign paroxysmal nonepileptic disorder occurring in healthy children 6 to 48 months of age. the episodes start with a provocation such as emotional upset or minor injury, and might progress to breath holding, cyanosis, and syncope. many young children hold their breath when upset, turn blue, but don’t pass out. this is common and normal. frequent spells can happen in children who have anemia (low red blood count). this can happen if your child doesn’t eat enough foods with iron. the cause of breath holding is not known. breath holding is usually involuntary, and is caused by a slowing of the heart rate or changes in your child’s usual breath-holding spells (bhss) are the most common nonepileptic paroxysmal events of early childhood. because the infant stops breathing, usually becomes also called breath-holding attacks, these spells are somewhat common and can happen in healthy children. they can look like seizures,, breath-holding spells in newborn, cyanotic breath-holding.

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