for example, it can develop in someone who has a problem with an area of the brain called the brainstem, which controls breathing. a condition called cheyne-stokes respiration can affect people with severe heart failure and can be associated with central sleep apnea. central sleep apnea is not the same as obstructive sleep apnea. central sleep apnea and obstructive sleep apnea can be present in the same person. symptoms depend on the parts of the nervous system that are affected, and may include: the health care provider will perform a physical exam. treating the condition that is causing central sleep apnea can help manage symptoms. for example, if central sleep apnea is due to heart failure, the goal is to treat the heart failure itself. some types of central sleep apnea are treated with medicines that stimulate breathing. call your provider if you have symptoms of sleep apnea. braunwald’s heart disease: a textbook of cardiovascular medicine.
12th ed. central sleep apnea. murray and nadel’s textbook of respiratory medicine. central sleep apnea: diagnosis and management. principles and practice of sleep medicine. philadelphia, pa: elsevier; 2017:chap 110. updated by: allen j. blaivas, do, division of pulmonary, critical care, and sleep medicine, va new jersey health care system, clinical assistant professor, rutgers new jersey medical school, east orange, nj. also reviewed by david zieve, md, mha, medical director, brenda conaway, editorial director, and the a.d.a.m. the information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. a licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. links to other sites are provided for information only — they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites.
central sleep apnea (csa) is a breathing disorder that causes your body to decrease or stop the effort of breathing during sleep. it may also result from a problem in the base of the brain where breathing is controlled. sometimes there are elements of obstruction such as the breathing that is seen in osa. not known, but it appears to be quite rare and occurs in the middle-aged or elderly. it is seen in 25% to 40% of men with chronic congestive heart failure. this is because men are more responsive to changes in the level of oxygen and carbon dioxide in their blood.
if needed, the doctor will schedule you for a sleep study. this information gives the doctor clues about what is causing your problem and how to correct it. if your doctor thinks that you have a problem with breathing during sleep, you will need to have a sleep study. it is delivered through a mask that you wear over the nose alone or the nose and mouth. in the case of csa due to drug or substance, a change of medication or discontinuation of the medication or substance may be needed. developed and operated by the american academy of sleep medicine, the leader in setting standards and promoting excellence in sleep medicine, health care, education and research.
central sleep apnea is a disorder in which your breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep. central sleep apnea occurs because your central sleep apnea (csa) is when you regularly stop breathing while you sleep because your brain doesn’t tell your muscles to take in air. central sleep apnea results when the brain temporarily stops sending signals to the muscles that control breathing., .
central sleep apnea (csa) is characterized by a lack of drive to breathe during sleep, resulting in repetitive periods of insufficient ventilation and the term central sleep apnea encompasses a heterogeneous group of sleep-related breathing disorders in which respiratory effort is as opposed to obstructive sleep apnea (osa), central sleep apnea is characterized by repetitive cessation of ventilation during sleep, .
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