the human respiratory tract is open to the outside world to let air in and carbon dioxide out, making it an easy point of entry for germs that can potentially cause illness. the symptoms are very similar in adults and children, but kids may also run a slight fever, whereas adults usually don’t. asthma is a potentially very serious lung disease that causes: symptoms in adults tend to be the same as in children. also called a sinus infection, sinusitis is an inflammation or swelling of the tissue that lines the sinuses.
in addition to a chesty cough, symptoms may include: symptoms are largely the same among adults and children with bronchitis, but kids with bronchitis may be more likely to swallow mucus rather than cough it up. the medicine is typically given as a liquid suspension to be drunk rather than a pill to be swallowed, as taking a pill may be difficult for younger children to manage. viruses, bacteria or fungi can be the culprit, and pneumonia may develop after your child has had a cold, the flu or strep throat. a word of caution: you should never use aspirin or any medication that contains aspirin to treat viral illnesses such as the flu, a cold or the chickenpox in children.
this is the most common lung infection in infancy. the lungs are one of the last organs to develop when a baby is growing. in a study in the usa of 100 children born at 23 weeks, 60 died prior to hospital discharge, most from respiratory failure. there is wide variation between countries in the number of cases of pneumonia and the number of deaths from the condition.
however, often the cause of pneumonia is not known early in the illness and antibiotics are given to cover likely bacterial causes; also, infection by bacteria may follow an initial viral infection. although children are very vulnerable to tb, it is not one of the leading causes of death in childhood. diagnosis and treatment of congenital lung problems should be provided in specialist centres, as the conditions are rare and often difficult to manage. programmes for vaccination usually cover 90% of the population and have successfully decreased the rate of diseases such as whooping cough, measles, and infection with the bacteria haemophilus influenzae and streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) in all european countries.
7 common childhood respiratory diseases ; the common cold runny nose. coughing. ; asthma coughing. shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. ; sinusitis. bronchiolitis lung conditions linked with prematurity, including bronchopulmonary dysplasia pneumonia tuberculosis (tb) lung problems childhood interstitial lung disease (child) describes a group of rare lung diseases that can affect babies, children, and teens., pediatric respiratory diseases pdf, pediatric respiratory diseases pdf, respiratory disease, pediatric respiratory infections, respiratory disorders in pediatrics ppt.
furthermore, a recent us report showed that pneumonia, asthma and acute bronchitis are consistently the three leading diagnoses in children (excluding the detailed information on the most common types of upper respiratory infections, including common cold, influenza, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, and sinusitis. detailed information on chronic respiratory disorders in children. many chronic respiratory disorders require clinical care by a doctor or other health, what is the most common pulmonary childhood disease, child lung disease symptoms. children can get:rhinitis (in the nose)sinusitis (in the sinuses)bronchitis (in the larger airways that lead into the lungs)bronchiolitis (in the smaller airways in the lungs)pneumonia (in the air sacs inside the lungs)
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