articles in english, studying college athletes 18â24 years old, employing a sleep measurement, and a comparison measure of cognitive, academic performance, athletic performance, injury rate, biomarkers and physiological measures, or imaging. there was wide range of study design, sport studied, modality used to measure sleep, frequency of sleep measurements, and functional and physiological outcomes across studies. sleep measurements varied greatly in frequency of data collection and type of measurement tool, with the majority using a sleep questionnaire.
studies using biomarkers and physiological measures or imaging were largely underrepresented. most studies in this review reported negative cognitive and academic outcomes with worse sleep quality and quantity. findings on athletic performance and injury rate as a function of sleep were mixed. sciencedirect â® is a registered trademark of elsevier b.v.
short-term consequences of sleep disruption include increased stress responsivity; somatic problems; reduced quality of life (qol); emotional people who don’t sleep enough are more likely to get cardiovascular disease. one analysis linked insomnia to an increased risk of heart attack and stroke. difficulty falling asleep. waking up often during the night and having trouble going back to sleep. waking up too early in the morning. having, .
symptoms of sleep disorders include being very sleepy during the daytime and having trouble falling asleep at night. difficulty falling asleep at night waking up during the night waking up too early not feeling well-rested after a night’s sleep daytime sleep deprivation and disturbance have been linked to greater risk-taking behavior , greater incidence of anxiety and depression , and increased injury, .
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