it’s a medical problem that increases the risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers. a healthier diet, increased physical activity and behavior changes can help you lose weight. to calculate bmi, multiply weight in pounds by 703, divide by height in inches and then divide again by height in inches. however, bmi doesn’t directly measure body fat, so some people, such as muscular athletes, may have a bmi in the obesity category even though they don’t have excess body fat. you and your doctor can evaluate your health risks and discuss your weight-loss options. to provide you with the most relevant and helpful information, and understand which information is beneficial, we may combine your email and website usage information with other information we have about you. although there are genetic, behavioral, metabolic and hormonal influences on body weight, obesity occurs when you take in more calories than you burn through normal daily activities and exercise.
the genes you inherit from your parents may affect the amount of body fat you store, and where that fat is distributed. in some people, obesity can be traced to a medical cause, such as prader-willi syndrome, cushing syndrome and other conditions. medical problems, such as arthritis, also can lead to decreased activity, which may result in weight gain. in addition, the people you spend time with may influence your weight — you’re more likely to develop obesity if you have friends or relatives with obesity. but as you age, hormonal changes and a less active lifestyle increase your risk of obesity. even if you have one or more of these risk factors, it doesn’t mean that you’re destined to develop obesity. you may not be able to do physical activities that you used to enjoy.
it makes you more likely to have conditions including: also, where your weight is may matter. extra weight makes you more likely to have high blood pressure and high cholesterol. the good news is that losing a small amount of weight can reduce your chances of developing heart disease or a stroke. losing even more weight has been shown to lower the risk even more. if you have type 2 diabetes, losing weight and becoming more physically active can help control your blood sugar levels. cancers of the colon, breast (after menopause), endometrium (the lining of the uterus), kidney, and esophagus are linked to obesity.
ironically, weight loss itself, particularly rapid weight loss or loss of a large amount of weight, can make you more likely to get gallstones. losing weight at a rate of about 1 pound a week is less likely to cause gallstones. gout is a disease that affects the joints. the extra uric acid can form crystals that deposit in the joints. if you have a history of gout, check with your doctor for the best way to lose weight. sleep apnea may cause daytime sleepiness and make heart disease and stroke more likely.
obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. obesity isn’t just a cosmetic concern. it’s a medical problem that being overweight or obese puts you at risk for many serious health conditions, including diabetes, sleep apnea, and even cancer. people who have overweight and obesity, compared to those with healthy weight, are at increased risk for many serious diseases and health conditions., .
raised bmi is a major risk factor for noncommunicable diseases such as: cardiovascular diseases (mainly heart disease and stroke), which were type 2 diabetes coronary heart disease; some types of cancer, such as breast cancer and bowel cancer stroke. obesity can also affect your quality of life obesity is a condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to such an extent that it may have a negative effect on health. people are classified as, .
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