the respiratory disorders in acromegaly are ventilatory dysfunction and sleep apnea, which contribute to an unfavorable evolution of the disease. pulmonary involvement in patients with endocrine pathology aggravates the disease prognosis, decreases the quality of life and can be a cause of death. diaphragmatic muscle dysfunction, another muscle change in hypothyroidism, is variable – mild, only limiting effort tolerance, and severe, with dyspnea and hypercapnia; it is conditioned by the severity of hypothyroidism, regardless of obesity or non-obesity . in the context of associated cardiac disorders, these clinical manifestations can be more frequent and more severe [16,17].
clinical observations have reported the association of hyperthyroidism, particularly graves’ disease, with pulmonary arterial hypertension [19,20]. in primary hyperparathyroidism, particularly in parathyroid adenomas, in the context of systemic myasthenia, respiratory muscles are also affected; this is correlated with parathyroid hormone levels and serum calcemia. sleep apnea is one of the most significant morbidities in acromegaly. cases of endometriosis with specific tissue in the diaphragm or pleura, causing recurrent catamenial pneumothorax, have been described .
spirometric function tests and diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide evaluation were performed for all participants. cakmak g, saler t, sağlam za, yenigün m, demir t. spirometry in patients with clinical and subclinical hypothyroidism. salome cm, king gg, berend n. physiology of obesity and effects on lung function. simsek g, yelmen nk, guner i, sahin g, oruc t, karter y. the role of peripheral chemoreceptor activity on the respiratory responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia in anaesthetised rabbits with induced hypothyroidism. airway function and markers of airway inflammation in patients with treated hypothyroidism. respiratory symptoms in patients with treated hypothyroidism and inflammatory bowel disease. swagata r, animesh m, indranil b. study of pulmonary function tests in patients of primary hypothyroidism.
basi r, dhillon s, sharma s. effect of thyroid hormone replacement on respiratory function tests in hypothyroid women. influence of thyroid hormone on the phospholipid composition of lung tissue and surfactant of rats. kendrick ah, o’reilly jf, laszlo g. lung function and exercise performance in hyperthyroidism before and after treatment. the effect of changes in ventilation and pulmonary blood flow on the diffusing capacity of the lung. airway function and markers of airway inflammation in patients with treated hypothyroidism. effect of thyrotoxicosis on the reflex hypoxic respiratory drive. assessment of functional lung impairment in patients with thyroid disorders.
although hypothyroidism has an insidious onset and relatively asymptomatic, exertional dyspnea and fatigue can be the presenting complaints. hypothyroidism. clinically, patients have expiratory dyspnea induced by partial upper airway obstruction through edema and mucopolysaccharide infiltration, and many thyroid diseases can lead to pulmonary problems. hypothyroidism reduces respiratory drive and can cause obstructive sleep apnea, pleural, why does hypothyroidism cause shortness of breath, shortness of breath thyroid medication, shortness of breath thyroid medication, hyperthyroidism shortness of breath, thyroid and neurological problems.
both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism cause respiratory muscle weakness and decrease pulmonary function. hypothyroidism reduces respiratory drive and can cause obstructive sleep apnea or pleural effusion, while hyperthyroidism increases respiratory drive and can cause dyspnea on exertion. respiratory system u2014 hypothyroidism weakens the respiratory muscles and decreases lung function. symptoms can include fatigue, shortness of breath with exercise, and decreased ability to exercise. hypothyroidism can also lead to swelling of the tongue, hoarse voice, and sleep apnea. the increase seen in subjects with hypothyroidism was similar to that seen in those with inflammatory bowel disease for breathlessness, cough, and sputum some affected newborns have respiratory distress syndrome, which causes extreme difficulty breathing and can be life-threatening. other affected respiratory symptoms commonly seen include shortness of breath, sleep disturbances, snoring, coughing and wheezing. what promotes respiratory, hypothyroidism symptoms, thyroid attack symptoms.
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