your urinary system includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. urine moves from the kidneys through narrow tubes to the bladder. your urinary system includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. urine moves from the kidneys through narrow tubes to the bladder. kidney stones can affect any part of your urinary tract — from your kidneys to your bladder. in other instances — for example, if stones become lodged in the urinary tract, are associated with a urinary infection or cause complications — surgery may be needed. as stones move into your ureters — the thin tubes that allow urine to pass from your kidneys to your bladder — signs and symptoms can result.
if a kidney stone becomes lodged in the ureters, it may block the flow of urine and cause the kidney to swell and the ureter to spasm, which can be very painful. subscribe for free and receive your in-depth guide to digestive health, plus the latest on health innovations and news. you may opt-out of email communications at any time by clicking on the unsubscribe link in the e-mail. kidney stones form when your urine contains more crystal-forming substances — such as calcium, oxalate and uric acid — than the fluid in your urine can dilute. most kidney stones are calcium stones, usually in the form of calcium oxalate. calcium stones may also occur in the form of calcium phosphate. “mayo,” “mayo clinic,” “mayoclinic.org,” “mayo clinic healthy living,” and the triple-shield mayo clinic logo are trademarks of mayo foundation for medical education and research.
kidney stones are hard, pebble-like pieces of material that form in one or both of your kidneys when high levels of certain minerals are in your urine. kidney stones vary in size and shape. kidney stones may be smooth or jagged and are usually yellow or brown. a larger kidney stone may get stuck along the way. a kidney stone that gets stuck can block your flow of urine, causing severe pain or bleeding. if you have symptoms of kidney stones, including severe pain or bleeding, seek care right away. the scientific name for a kidney stone is renal calculus or nephrolith. treatment for kidney stones usually depends on their size, location, and what they are made of. calcium stones, including calcium oxalate stones and calcium phosphate stones, are the most common types of kidney stones.
normally, extra calcium that isn’t used by your bones and muscles goes to your kidneys and is flushed out with urine. when this doesn’t happen, the calcium stays in the kidneys and joins with other waste products to form a kidney stone. eating a lot of fish, shellfish, and meat—especially organ meat—may increase uric acid in urine. kidney stones are common and are on the rise. if you have a family history of kidney stones, you are more likely to develop them. you are more likely to develop kidney stones if you are taking one or more of the following medicines over a long period of time:  u.s. department of health and human services. chapter 9: urinary tract stones. urologic diseases in america. published 2012. accessed september 26, 2016. this content is provided as a service of the national institute of diabetes and digestive and kidney diseases (niddk), part of the national institutes of health.
signs and symptoms of kidney stones can include severe pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, chills and blood in your urine. a small kidney stone may pass through your urinary tract on its own, causing little or no pain. a complications could include: sepsis, an infection that spreads through the blood, causing symptoms throughout the whole body; a blocked ureter caused by stone, .
apart from causing symptoms such as pain, vomiting and blood in the urine, kidney stones can cause serious medical complications. these include: severe infections including septicaemia (blood poisoning) which can be life-threatening. renal scarring and damage to the kidneys, resulting in permanent renal failure. possible complications of kidney stones intense pain blood in urine nausea or vomiting fever and/or chills. when kidney stones remain inside the body, complications can develop. if they block the tube that connects the kidney to the bladder, urine will not be able what is a kidney stone? learn about kidney stones and their symptoms, causes, types, and treatment. symptoms include severe lower back pain, blood in urine,, .
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