some hearing and vision loss are a part of normal aging as is decline in immune function. the prevalence of hearing loss increases as a function of age and accumulating risk factors and has a high association with reduced quality of life (5). the use of hearing aids could reverse adverse effects on the quality of life, and cognitive function in elderly adults (7). for example, influenza infections are more common and more serious in older adults while the vaccine is less effective. hypertension, a major contributor to atherosclerosis, is the most common chronic disease of older adults (23). osteoarthritis is the second most common chronic condition (23) among american older adults and a common cause of chronic pain and disability. low back pain is itself a common symptom particularly in older women and the cause is often multifactorial.
in one study, the average walking speed for the age group of 85–89 is 1.1 m/s for men and 0.8 m/s for women. 30–40% of adults over age 70 fall each year and rates are particularly high for older adults in long-term care facilities. thirty percent of women over age 65 and 50% of older adults in nursing facilities have urinary incontinence (49). depression is even more common among institutionalized older adults and those with disabilities (56). approximately 13% of women and 8% of men over age 85 live in nursing facilities or other institutional settings (62). home-based interventions may slow the progression of disability and prevent the need for institutionalization (70). as people approach the end of life, medical discussions tend to focus more on quality of life and symptom management. in the future, more adults over age 85 will benefit from home-based services and technologies and will benefit from creative transportation and housing services opportunities for social participation, as well as programs to support family caregivers.
the term does not refer to age-specific diseases, such as the childhood diseases chicken pox and measles, only diseases of the elderly. in humans, the relative incidence of cancer increases exponentially with age for most cancers, but levels off or may even decline by age 60–75 (although colon/rectal cancer continues to increase).  on the basis of extensive research, dna damage has emerged a major culprit in cancer and numerous other diseases related to ageing.
a major risk factor for amd is age over the age of 60. “ some of the association between aging and cancer is attributed to immunosenescence, errors accumulated in dna over a lifetime and age-related changes in the endocrine system.  the prevalence of parkinson’s disease dementia also increases with age, and to a lesser degree, duration of the disease.
cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis and dementia are common chronic conditions at age 85. osteoarthritis, diabetes, and related mobility examples of aging-associated diseases are atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease, cancer, arthritis, cataracts, osteoporosis, type 2 diabetes, hypertension dementia is a progressive disorder that affects memory and overall brain function. it is relatively common in older people, affecting around 1, old age diseases pdf, old age diseases pdf, what is the most common disease in the elderly, most common chronic diseases in young adults, physical problems of old age.
however, studies have revealed that aging is inevitable, but diseases are not.nevertheless, a correlation has been observed between age and chronic diseases vision changes/cataracts; hearing loss; arthritis; sleep changes/disorders; osteoporosis; cardiovascular diseases and stroke; diabetes; cancer. 1. vision, common geriatric disorders and their management, common illnesses in adults, chronic health conditions list, old age disease memory loss, chronic conditions by age, how to prevent old age diseases, age-related diseases ppt, common geriatric problems, age-related diseases in pediatrics, how age affects health. geriatric diseases: age-related medical conditions & illnessesarthritis.cancer.chronic kidney disease.chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.dementia, alzheimer’s disease, and parkinson’s disease.diabetes.osteoporosis.stroke.
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