major health concerns of adolescence

according to the national survey of child health, approximately 83 percent of adolescents aged 12–17 are in either excellent or very good health as reported by their parents, regardless of whether they live in urban or rural areas (maternal and child health bureau, 2005a,b). adoles cents may take risks that can jeopardize their health during these early years, as well as contribute to the leading causes of death and disease in adulthood. much of the variation in mortality among racial and ethnic groups of adolescents has been shown to be related to differences in socioeconomic status. the reported prevalence of diabetes is higher among female than male adolescents, and is lowest overall among asian adolescents (see table 2-3). data on differences by racial or ethnic and socioeconomic status in the incidence of cancer in adolescents are not readily available. depression affects more than 7 percent of the adolescent population, while adhd and conduct disorder each represent a large portion of the remainder of mental disorders found in adolescents (roberts, roberts, and chen, 1997; u.s. department of health and human services, 1999). it is unclear whether the rates of major depression among adolescents have changed over time, or the variations are due to differences in survey methodology and sample characteristics. in the 1980s and 1990s, community studies found that the prevalence of conduct disorder in adolescents ranged from 4 to 16 percent (cohen et al., 1993; kashani et al., 1987). asian adolescents tend to have the lowest rates of both alcohol and illicit drug abuse or dependence (see table 2-3). in 2005, non-hispanic black adolescents had higher rates of chlamydia and gonorrhea than adolescents in other racial and ethnic groups, due in particular to the high rates reported among non-hispanic black female adolescents (see table 2-4). chlamydia rates continue to increase, and although the rate of gonorrhea among adolescents aged 15–19 has decreased in recent years, in 2005 it increased 3.9 percent. eating disorders are associated with erosion of the teeth and damage to oral soft tissue, while oral sex is linked with oral manifestations of stis in the form of oral soft-tissue lesions. in 2007, 29 percent of high school students had ridden in the past month with a driver who had been drinking alcohol, though this was again down from 40 percent in 1991 (eaton et al., 2008; mackay and duran, 2007). in addition to being a public health problem during adolescence, violence among adolescents is the most common precursor of violence in adults. one in 11 adolescents have reported being victims of physical dating violence each year, with the frequency being equal among males and females (black et al., 2006). adolescents may have a particular vulnerability to the negative consequences of substance use,5 such as the effects of alcohol on cognitive skills and memory (spear, 2000). gender is not a major factor in the proportion of adolescents using tobacco; however, the prevalence of tobacco use increases with age (centers for disease control and prevention, 2005). there is a strong relationship between the age at onset of drinking and the risk of alcohol-related problems in both adolescence and adulthood. in 2005, almost 17 percent of those aged 18–25 reported using marijuana on at least 1 day in the past month, a stark contrast with young adolescents aged 12–17, at almost 7 percent (substance abuse and mental health services administration, 2006, see table 2-4).

rates of induced abortion among adolescents increase with maternal age: 6 percent of all abortions in the united states are to those aged 15–17, while 12 percent are to those aged 18–19 (jones, darroch, and henshaw, 2002). the percentage of adolescents who are overweight varies by race or ethnicity and gender. in 2003, 78 percent of adolescents participating in a national survey had not eaten five or more servings of fruits and vegetables a day during the 7 preceding days (grunbaum et al., 2004). the health status of adolescents can be characterized by the health conditions and behaviors discussed above. it has been reported that adolescents who have been in the foster care system have higher rates of illicit drug use than those who have never been in foster care (substance abuse and mental health services administration, 2005b). the prevalence of physical and sexual abuse among homeless adolescents is significantly higher than is the case among the general population. there is even evidence to suggest a dose-response relationship between running away and stis: a 2007 study showed that for every one unit increase in running away, there was a correlated 3 percent increase in the likelihood of having an sti (tyler et al., 2007). the prevalence of drug and alcohol use among homeless adolescents is staggeringly high. regardless of when or how mental health disorders arise, it is evident that they are widespread in this population and that they have serious consequences for the affected individuals. within the population of homeless adolescents, those who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (lgbt)12 are at an even greater risk of poor physical and mental health and more likely to engage in risky behaviors. knowledge of health risks to the children of migrant and seasonal agricultural workers has existed for more than 30 years. the health status of immigrant children and adolescents has received increased emphasis in the literature recently as more attention has been paid to the overall health status of racial and ethnic minority children, particularly latinos, in the united states. in another national study, adolescent children of participants in the nurses health study ii were asked to identify themselves on a spectrum of sexuality, from completely heterosexual to completely homosexual.13 one percent of the adolescents described themselves as homosexual or bisexual, 5 percent as mostly heterosexual, and 2 percent as unsure (austin et al., 2004a). rates of substance use for adolescents reporting same-sex sexual attractions and behavior are comparable to the rates for their heterosexual peers. adolescents who come in contact with the justice system and are detained or incarcerated in correctional facilities have a variety of medical and emotional disorders and, as noted, are generally medically underserved (american academy of pediatrics committee on adolescence, 2001). it is estimated, for example, that 65–70 percent of adolescents in the juvenile justice system have a mental disorder, and for approximately 20 percent, this disorder is serious (skowyra and cocozza, 2006; teplin et al., 2002). available health services for adolescents and the extent to which they respond to these needs are explored in subsequent chapters. it asked about sexual orientation and about the sex of individuals involved in their sexual fantasies, attractions, and experiences. indicates percentage of adolescents with one or more untreated cavities for the specific age population (mackay and duran, 2007). tobacco use is expressed as percent of the population that used any tobacco products at least 1 day in the past 30 days preceding the survey; binge drinking is defined as percent of the population that consumed five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days; marijuana use is expressed as percent of the population that used marijuana on at least 1 day in the past 30 days (substance abuse and mental health services administration, 2006).

adolescence is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood and during this period social, cultural, biological changes affect the transition which can create some serious health issues. it is found that major health problems in adolescence are regarding nutritional disorders i.e. let us take a look at some common teens’ health problems. as per who, depression is the third leading cause of disability and illness in teenagers. violence, feeling devalued and depression are some reasons behind teenage mental health issues. this sort of problem is mostly found in developing countries where teenagers are undernourished and more exposed to diseases.

it is seen that in older adolescents, violence is one of the leading causes of deaths. mostly male adolescents face the problem of violence; however it is seen that 1 in 10 girls who are approximate of 20 years undergo sexual abuse which is a serious factor. hiv is a life-threatening disease and a very grave health issue among adolescents. though we can see all of these are severe health problems in teenagers, yet it can be controlled with proper management. here are some tips to combat issues related to teenage health and wellness: every parent gets worried about his/her kid when the child is sailing through adolescence. are you looking to modify your lifestyle and habits to improve the quality of your life?

common health problems of a teenager include puberty, body image, nutrition, substance use, mental health and sexual health. detailed information on adolescent health problems and injuries, including acne, asthma, breast conditions, breast self-examination, diabetes, eye care, unintentional injury (the leading cause of mortality among adolescents), homicide, and suicide accounted for almost three-quarters of all deaths among, what are the main problems of adolescence, adolescent diseases list, adolescent diseases list, adolescent health problems pdf, what is adolescent health.

rising adolescent health problems, such as road traffic injuries (rtis), mental disorders, and substance use disorders, are an increasing cause for concern cancers of the lung, throat and mouth reduced lung function asthma and other respiratory problems damaged senses of smell and taste heart disease, major eating disorders and obesity – obesity is a significant concern for children and adolescents. according to a report in american pediatrics,, top 10 teenage diseases, physical problems of adolescence. overviewmental disorders.substance use.smoking/nicotine use.nutrition and weight conditions.sexually transmitted infections, including human immunodeficiency virus (hiv)teen and unintended pregnancies.homelessness.academic problems and dropping out of school. main health issuesinjuries. unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death and disability among adolescents. violence. mental health. alcohol and drug use. tobacco use. hiv/aids. other infectious diseases. early pregnancy and childbirth.

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