sleep apnea is a potentially serious disorder in which breathing is interrupted repeatedly during sleep. in babies born before 37 weeks of pregnancy, it’s called apnea of prematurity. children with down syndrome and other congenital conditions that affect the upper airway also have a higher incidence of sleep apnea. this is called “periodic breathing” and typically starts with rapid breaths, then slower breaths, then a pause in breathing for five to 10 seconds. as a baby stops breathing, the oxygen level in his blood falls and the level of carbon dioxide increases. if your baby’s doctor suspects that your baby has sleep apnea, she’ll do a physical exam and various tests, including a measurement of the amount of oxygen in his blood and monitoring of his breathing and heart rate. the test that’s commonly used to diagnose sleep apnea is called a polysomnogram.
your baby’s doctor may suggest using a home apnea monitor to keep track of your baby’s breathing and heart rate, or medication to stimulate the central nervous system. most preterm babies have no symptoms by the time they’re 44 weeks from conception. knowing how to perform infant cpr is important for all parents, but especially for parents of babies with sleep apnea. check with your hospital or the red cross to find an infant cpr class in your area. having your child evaluated for obstructive sleep apnea. 2004. obstructive sleep apnea in children. 2006. obstructive sleep apnea: should all children with down syndrome be tested?
sleep apnea is a sleep-related breathing disorder and there are two types; obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. apnea (ap-nee-ah) is a pause in breathing that lasts 20 seconds or longer for full-term infants. if a pause in breathing lasts less than 20 seconds and the primary symptom of sleep apnea in infants and newborns is a pause in breathing that lasts for at least 20 seconds during sleep which may be, .
infant sleep apnea is a sleep-related breathing disorder. it involves reductions and pauses in breathing that occur during an infant’s sleep. partial reductions in breathing are called u201chypopneas.u201d complete pauses in breathing are called u201capneas.u201d in infancy, the frequency of these events increases during rem sleep. the symptoms of infantile apnea include the stoppage of breathing during sleep, an abnormal bluish discoloration to the skin (cyanosis) and sometimes an obstructive sleep apnea in infants has been associated with failure to thrive, behavioral deficits, and sudden infant death. any baby can have sleep apnea, but it’s much more common in babies who were born prematurely. in babies born before 37 weeks of pregnancy, it’s called apnea, . during sleep, signs and symptoms of pediatric sleep apnea might include:snoring.pauses in breathing.restless sleep.snorting, coughing or choking.mouth breathing.nighttime sweating.bed-wetting.sleep terrors.
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