normally, the airways and air sacs in your lungs are elastic or stretchy. when you breathe in, the airways bring air to the air sacs. if you have copd, less air flows in and out of your airways because of one or more problems: most people with copd have both emphysema and chronic bronchitis, but how severe each type is can be different from person to person. the cause of copd is usually long-term exposure to irritants that damage your lungs and airways. pipe, cigar, and other types of tobacco smoke can also cause copd, especially if you inhale them. these include secondhand smoke, air pollution, and chemical fumes or dusts from the environment or workplace.
they can include: some people with copd get frequent respiratory infections such as colds and the flu. in severe cases, copd can cause weight loss, weakness in your lower muscles, and swelling in your ankles, feet, or legs. however, treatments can help with symptoms, slow the progress of the disease, and improve your ability to stay active. treatments include: if you have copd, it’s important to know when and where to get help for your symptoms. call your health care provider if your symptoms are getting worse or if you have signs of an infection, such as a fever. it’s also important to try to avoid lung irritants such as secondhand smoke, air pollution, chemical fumes, and dusts.
a copd diagnosis means you may have one of these lung-damaging diseases or symptoms of both. the damage caused by emphysema destroys the walls of the air sacs, making it hard to get a full breath. the primary, or main, cause of copd is smoking. alpha-1 antitrypsin is an enzyme that helps protect your lungs from the damaging effects of inflammation. if you’re having any of the signs or symptoms of copd, don’t wait for your next appointment to call your provider.
the first sign of copd is often feeling out of breath with light exercises, like walking up stairs. not smoking is the best thing you can do to avoid developing copd. people with copd have difficulty clearing their lungs of bacteria, dusts and other pollutants in the air. call your provider if you experience any of the warning signs of an infection. you’ll breathe easier if you take the necessary steps to support your lung capacity and fight lung irritation. policy cleveland clinic is a non-profit academic medical center.
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd) is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes obstructed airflow from the lungs. people with obstructive lung disease have shortness of breath due to difficulty exhaling all the air from the lungs. because of damage to the copd, also known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is a chronic lung condition in which the alveoli (air sacs) in your lungs no, .
copd (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is a group of lung diseases that make it hard to breathe and get worse over time. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or copd, refers to a group of diseases that cause airflow blockage and breathing-related problems. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd) is the name for a group of lung conditions that cause breathing difficulties. it includes:., .
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