according to the national council on aging, about 92 percent of seniors have at least one chronic disease and 77 percent have at least two. according to the national institute on aging, other chronic health conditions and diseases increase the risk of developing dementia, such as substance abuse, diabetes, hypertension, depression, hiv and smoking. according to the world health organization, over 15 percent of adults over the age of 60 suffer from a mental disorder. every 15 seconds, an older adult is admitted to the emergency room for a fall.
malnutrition in older adults over the age of 65 is often underdiagnosed and can lead to other elderly health issues, such as a weakened immune system and muscle weakness. sensory impairments, such as vision and hearing, are extremely common for older americans over the age of 70. according to the cdc, one out of six older adults has a visual impairment and one out of four has a hearing impairment. according to the national council on aging, the number of older adults with substance abuse problems is expected to double to five million by 2020. because many don’t associate substance abuse with the elderly, it’s often overlooked and missed in medical check-ups. in addition to age-related changes, these may be a side effect of previous issues mentioned above, such as not eating a well-balanced diet and suffering from chronic health conditions.
as americans live longer, growth in the number of older adults is unprecedented. in 2012, 60% of older adults managed 2 or more chronic conditions.2 chronic conditions can lower quality of life for older adults and contribute to the leading causes of death among this population. the patient protection and affordable care act of 2010 includes provisions that added certain preventive services to medicare, including cancer screenings and immunizations. however, less than 60% of older adults engage in physical activity and strength training.6 falls, the leading cause of injury among older adults, are treated in emergency departments every 13 seconds and claim a life every 20 minutes. the need for unpaid and paid caregivers will likely increase as the u.s. population ages. projections of the size and composition of the u.s. population: 2014 to 2060, current population reports, p25-1143, u.s. census bureau, washington, dc, 2014. multiple chronic conditions among us adults: a 2012 update. prev chronic dis 2014;11:130389. federal interagency forum on aging-related statistics. 4us department of health and human services, centers for medicare & medicaid services (cms). baltimore: cms; 2010 [cited 2010 february 22].
committee on the future health care workforce for older americans. retooling for an aging america. 6national center for health statistics. evidence suggesting that a chronic disease self-management program can improve health status while reducing hospitalization: a randomized trial. 8centers for disease control and prevention (cdc), national center for injury control and prevention [internet]. available from: /features/older-adult-falls/index.html 9administration for community living. administration on aging (aoa) health, prevention, and wellness programs [internet]. available from: /programs/health-wellness 10centers for disease control and prevention (cdc), national center for injury control and prevention [internet]. atlanta: cdc; 2015 [cited 2016 april 12]. adult caregivers in the united states: characteristics and differences in well-being, by caregiver age and caregiving status. prev chronic dis.
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as you get older, your bladder becomes less elastic. this creates the feeling that you need to urinate more often. your bladder and pelvic floor heart disease. cancer. chronic bronchitis or emphysema. stroke. diabetes mellitus. alzheimer’s disease. chronic conditions can lower quality of, most common chronic diseases in older adults, what age brings the greatest number of health problems, physical problems of old age, problems of elderly causes. top 10 senior health concernscognitive decline. balance issues. oral health problems. heart disease. osteoarthritis or osteoporosis. respiratory diseases. it’s estimated that 25 percent of adults age 65 and older have type 2 diabetes. influenza or pneumonia.
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