this review first examines the normal physiological changes of pregnancy and their relationship to sleep disordered breathing, and then summarises the current knowledge of sleep disordered breathing in pregnancy. however, both of these figures may be an underestimate of the true incidence of snoring in pregnant women as it has been found that women in general tend to under-report snoring on questionnaires.23 several studies have investigated maternal oxygenation during sleep in late pregnancy with conflicting results.
snoring during pregnancy may be an important finding as it has been associated with maternal hypertension and pre-eclampsia.22 one of the important clinical findings in pre-eclampsia is the reversed diurnal blood pressure rhythm15 similar to that described in osa,36 which suggests that there may be a common link occurring during sleep in these two groups. the clinical outcome of osa during pregnancy has not been extensively studied, but early reports suggest that it may represent a new risk factor to the fetus. with better recognition of the deleterious outcomes of untreated osa during pregnancy, it is anticipated that earlier intervention with cpap may improve the outcome for pregnant women with osa.
sleep apnea during pregnancy can lead to long-term health complications, such as increased risk of high blood pressure, preeclampsia, women are more likely to develop sleep apnea during pregnancy and after menopause. but while restless sleep and shortness of breath are common in pregnancy ( emerging data suggest that women with osa in pregnancy are at higher risk of pregnancy- and anesthesia-related complications. a small number of, .
all pregnant women have an increased risk of obstructive sleep apnea because higher levels of estrogen during pregnancy can cause the mucus membranes in your nose to swell, leading to nasal congestion. as you work harder to breathe, the lining of your airway can swell too, constricting airflow. obstructive sleep apnea is common during pregnancy, with prevalence estimates ranging from 10.5% in the first trimester to 26.7% in the third trimester. sleep apnea may nevertheless occur. although the precise prevalence is not known, it’s estimated to affect 10% of pregnant women. sleep apnea women with untreated sleep apnea during pregnancy face numerous health risks to themselves and their unborn children. women with sleep apnea were also more as a result, the prevalence of obesity-related comorbid conditions complicating pregnancy is also increasing. one of these conditions is osa,, .
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