sleep disordered breathing wiki

[2] sleep apnea may be either obstructive sleep apnea (osa), in which breathing is interrupted by a blockage of air flow, central sleep apnea (csa), in which regular unconscious breath simply stops, or a combination of the two. [3] having sleep apnea in mid-life brings a higher likelihood of developing alzheimer’s in older age, and if one has alzheimer’s then one is also more likely to have sleep apnea. [27] sleep apnea is somewhat more common in men than women, roughly a 2:1 ratio of men to women, and in general more people are likely to have it with older age and obesity. the test is recommended only when requested by a physician and should not be used to test those without symptoms. individuals with low muscle-tone and soft tissue around the airway (e.g., because of obesity) and structural features that give rise to a narrowed airway are at high risk for obstructive sleep apnea. the term “sleep-disordered breathing” is commonly used in the u.s. to describe the full range of breathing problems during sleep in which not enough air reaches the lungs (hypopnea and apnea).

in central sleep apnea, the effects of sleep alone can remove the brain’s mandate for the body to breathe. [62] the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea is different than that of central sleep apnea. [77] the “pillar” device is a treatment for snoring and obstructive sleep apnea; it is thin, narrow strips of polyester. alternative and emergency procedures may be necessary to maintain the airway of sleep apnea patients. [86] this may result in part because people with sleep apnea have tended to be treated as a single group in clinical trials. [61] in other words, a seizure disorder may become unstable in the presence of sleep apnea. the description of joe, “the fat boy” in dickens’s novel the pickwick papers, is an accurate clinical picture of an adult with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

according to the international classification of sleep disorders, sleep-related breathing disorders are classified as follows:[1] the most severe of the sleep apneas is obstructive sleep apnea. sleep apnea is measured by the apnea-hypopnea index (ahi). the most common treatment for sleep apnea is the use of continuous positive airway pressure with a cpap machine. a cpap machine pushes air through the nose and/or mouth, which applies air pressure to keep the throat open while asleep. this cpap machine is usually the first line of treatment and one of the most effective ways to treat the disease. this machine can help with the quality of sleep someone receives when using it and also lowering their blood pressure and other medical-related problems one might have when being diagnosed with this disease.

there are a number of surgical treatments available. the most common of these is called a uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (uppp). “central hypoventilation syndrome, sometimes referred to as ondine’s curse, is an inability of the brain to detect changes in carbon dioxide levels in the body during sleep. “[6] central hypoventilation syndrome is caused by certain receptors in the brain failing to recognize changes in carbon dioxide levels during sleep, leading to a low breathing rate and low blood concentration of oxygen. this is one of the least common sleep disorders and has the least amount of research done for it. in some cases, this type of breathing support may be necessary during waking hours as well.

sleep apnea, also spelled sleep apnoea, is a sleep disorder in which pauses in breathing or periods of shallow breathing during sleep occur more often than a sleep-related breathing disorder is a sleep disorder in which abnormalities in breathing occur during sleep that may or may not be present while awake. obstructive sleep apnea (osa) is the most common sleep-related breathing disorder and is characterized by recurrent episodes of complete or partial, sleep apnea, sleep apnea, untreated sleep apnea life expectancy, can sleep apnea kill you, obstructive sleep apnea.

central sleep apnea (csa) or central sleep apnea syndrome (csas) is a sleep-related disorder in which the effort to breathe is diminished or absent, significant physiologic changes in breathing take place during normal sleep related to alterations in respiratory drive and uars is considered a variant of sleep apnea, although some scientists and doctors believe it to be a distinct disorder. upper airway resistance syndrome. other, is sleep apnea dangerous, central sleep apnea.

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