sleep disturbance effects

problems with sleep are widely prevalent and include deficits in quantity and quality of sleep; sleep problems that impact the continuity of sleep are collectively referred to as sleep disruptions. other brain regions are also involved in sleep disruption, including the brain stem and cognitive areas of the forebrain. sleep disruption may also diminish the health-related quality of life (hrqol) of children and adolescents with underlying medical conditions.




evidence suggests that sleep disruption may increase the risk of certain cancers and death. the high correlation between sleep disturbances, depression, and suicidal ideation may play a role in identifying an increased risk of mortality in these studies. there is also evidence that sleep disruption may increase the risk of certain cancers and death in males and suicidal adolescents.

rotating and night shift work are associated with hypertension as shift work may exacerbate the detrimental impact of short sleep on bp. among 7107 patients with osa, objectively assessed sleep duration between 5 and 6 hours and <5 hours increased the odds of hypertension by 45% and 80%, respectively.15 extremely short sleep duration (<5 hours) was more detrimental than osa in terms of hypertension risk suggesting that short sleep in osa may be a target for hypertension prevention. additional research on the acute and long-term impact of shift work on bp during sleep is warranted, particularly among those with elevated clinic or daytime bp.

poor sleep quality, excessive daytime sleepiness, and insomnia symptoms are observed in short sleepers, shift workers, and patients with osa.80,88–90 the downstream effects of poor sleep quality, insomnia, and excessive daytime sleepiness on bp7 may contribute to the higher hypertension risk associated with short sleep, shift work, and osa. short versus normal sleep duration has been linked to 31% higher risk for depression.115 co-morbid depression has been reported in patients with osa,116 and osa is considered an independent risk factor for depression.117 shift work disorder, which refers to sleep impairment (persistent and severe sleep disturbance during the sleep period and/or excessive sleepiness during the wake period) resulting from shift work, is also strongly associated with depressive symptoms and anxiety, particularly among female shift workers.118,119 depression and anxiety have, in turn, been linked to reduced nighttime bp dipping, higher bp, and greater risk of prevalent and incident hypertension.120 while recent studies add to the evidence base demonstrating that short sleep, shift work, and osa are independently associated with hypertension risk, higher bp and 24-hour ambulatory bp, these data have a number of limitations. in addition, how sleep quality, sleep variability, and insomnia affect the associations of sleep duration, shift work, and osa with bp remains unknown.

short-term consequences of sleep disruption include increased stress responsivity; somatic problems; reduced quality of life (qol); emotional other insomnia symptoms include daytime consequences, such as tiredness, lack of energy, difficulty concentrating, and/or irritability (simon common sleep disorders like insomnia, restless legs syndrome, narcolepsy and sleep apnea can severely hurt your quality of life., .

people who don’t sleep enough are more likely to get cardiovascular disease. one analysis linked insomnia to an increased risk of heart attack and stroke. advertisement insomnia, in which you have difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep throughout the night. sleep apnea, in which you insomnia is a common sleep disorder that can make it hard to fall asleep, hard to stay asleep, or cause you to wake up too early and not be, .

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